District Government
Functions within the State Structure

As a multidisciplinary competence centre with employees from more than 20 scientific departments, we can take care of the following tasks:

Coordination and Concentration

It is sometimes challenging to prevent the various authorities of the state and municipal administrations from having differing opinions, because the technical concerns which they endeavour to represent as best as possible are often difficult to accommodate. It is our job to consider the various interests, "juggle" them, and come to as quick but substantiated a decision as possible.

For example: When deciding on a road construction project, we need to weigh the needs of road traffic, regional economy, agriculture and forestry, nature protection and landscape conservation, noise protection, the aesthetic design of the towns involved, historical monument protection and – not lastly – the project's cost effectiveness.

Goal: Our job is not only reacting to submitted petitions. We also wish to identify developments at an early stage which could result in new challenges to the state or municipal administration, and take the necessary initiatives in a timely manner using our coordination opportunities.


We execute general government supervision of the state authorities under us, as well as the legal and professional supervision of the seven administrative districts, three urban districts and, to some extent, of two large administrative district towns. This is to ensure that all authorities make decisions in a uniform manner according to justice and legislation as far as is possible, and that, in matters whose consequences extend beyond a single rural district or city, the interests of those surrounding areas are also considered.

Legal protection

We make decisions in appellate court regarding lodged appeals for administrative procedures in which an objection has been filed regarding the decision of the original authority. When doing so, depending on the legal position, we also search for opportunities to convince the citizen in advance of the accuracy of the administrative decision, to reach a compromise between administration and citizens, or to advise the original authority to retract an incorrect decision. In many cases, this saves the parties involved from having to appear in administrative court. The government sees particular importance in its task of ensuring citizens as quick, affordable and effective legal protection as possible.

Responsibilities for a Court of First Instance

In addition to the core functions of the government, there are also a number of individual, first-instance decisions that have been allocated to the government by legislators because

  • they are of special significance and their consequences extend beyond individual rural districts or cities (e.g. official approval of plans for federal arterial roads, definition of nature protection areas),
  • they can be more rationally completed by qualified personnel when centralised at the government (e.g. the generation of a regional planning register),
  • central execution in the administrative district for the involved parties, especially associations and firms, is more practical (e.g. transport permits for international road haulage).

Further (multi-regional) individual tasks

For example, the Government of the Upper Palatinate

  • issues road haulage permits for trips to various southern European countries for the entire federal territory,
  • performs driving school supervision for all of Bavaria and
  • is responsible for official and legal assistance communication with foreign countries for all of Bavaria.